Our region has an area of 48,584 km2, located between volcanoes, lakes, sea, mountains and forests; we have a total of seven wild areas protected by the state; with a total of 100 species of terrestrial vertebrates in the conservation category according to the Regulation of Classification of Species (RCE) of the Ministry of the Environment and a total of 11 endemic species.
Despite the ecological and ecosystemic importance already mentioned, we have a total of 3,691 investment projects entered into the Environmental Assessment Service in different stages of processing, where real estate projects, hydroelectric plants, road works, among others, stand out.
Each of the projects entered carries negative environmental impacts for our wildlife, such as: death of individuals, loss of habitat, fragmentation of habitat, electrocution, loss of nesting sites, alteration of migratory routes, among many others. It is unthinkable to ensure that wildlife is not altered or that an impact is benign for an ecosystem, but what is the limit allowed? The answer already formulated will depend on the legislation, environmental policies, the position of the communities regarding the issue, the suitability of the environmental specialists and even the “will” of the company in charge of each project.
Although it is true, Chile has grown a lot in environmental issues, but we continue to do so; our wild fauna is extinguished due to the anthropic pressure that we exert while in a fight against time – what can we do?, the answer must undoubtedly be a sum of integral actions. From the perspective of the professionals who work as wildlife specialists, our mission must be to work in a professional and ethical manner, correctly identifying the impacts and delivering effective and appropriate control measures (mitigation, compensation and restoration). Regarding investment projects, they must ensure that the contracting and / or bidding falls on suitable professionals and carry out the proposed measures. On the part of the environmental institutions, they must ensure strict legislation and incorporate some degree of certification for the professionals who work on environmental issues. Last but not least, people should be able to commit ourselves to caring for and protecting our wildlife, attending citizen consultations and getting to know the projects that are located close to our communes.
To the extent that our actions are comprehensive and jointly between public, private and communal organizations, we should achieve such an eco-development that guarantees production, employment generation, protection of our natural resources and guarantee that future generations have the option to marvel at the wildlife species of the Los Lagos region.